Primary Sources for 10.3 Sub-Standard #3: Charles Dickens: Oliver Twist

“So they established the rule that all poor people should have the alternative (for they


would compel nobody, not they) of being starved by a gradual process in the house, or by


a quick one out of it. With this view, they contracted with the waterworks to lay on an


unlimited supply of water, and with a corn-factor to supply periodically small quantities


of oatmeal, and issued three meals of thin gruel a day, with an onion twice a week and


half a roll on Sundays. kindly undertook to divorce poor married people . . . instead of


compelling a man to support his family, as they had theretofore done, took his family


away from him, and made him a bachelor!... The relief was inseparable from the


workhouse and the gruel, and that frightened people.”

Credits to Charles Dickens’s novel Oliver Twist

The reason behind Charles Dickens publication of Oliver Twist is that he wrote it to express his views on how the rich were treating the poor primarily during the Industrial Revolution with how unfair the law was treating the lower classes. Also, another purpose of the novel was that  the poor were left to survive in unpleasant, overcrowded conditions, this was one of the disagreement of Dickens as he wanted to change the public's attitude towards the poorm into more equality for all. 


Dickens's point of view in his novel was that he directly establish his novel for the purpose to show the other side of industrializing which addressed the failure of charity (even though Great Britain was economically flourishing), the harsh living conditions in urban areas primarily for the poorer people and the uprising issues that were brought up by capitalism. The occasion of when this was written was in the year 1837 when the process of Great British to become the first industrial society from 1760 to 1840 due to economic development with the use of slave labor and it describes how the lower classes, despite going through a revolution of greatness also brought darkness and suffering for pleasants, slave and other lower classes that were seen inferior and that wasn't agreed by Charles Dickens. The tone in this quote is that it shows emphasis on words like "rule", "frightened", "people" and "poor" which show how the Industrial Revolution affected how scared were lower class people were to act upon the ruling of the higher classes.


The setting of Oliver Twist is that it took place in a small town from London, England during the early 19th century. At a young age, Oliver started to work in a workhouse as he really didn't have a happy childhood. He was tired of being utilized so he headed towards London by foot and when he arrived he meet this nice old man named Mr. Brownlow which gave him a home to live in (who later adopts him) lead to the happiness of Oliver as he use to live in a world of working in workhouses to a life of enjoyment as well as a inheritance of Mr. Brownlow.

Primary Source for 10.3 Sub-Standard #3: "Rain, Steam and Speed" by William Turner- Romanticism Art

During the Industrial Revolution, the emergence of Romanticism as an artistic movement that emphasis the idea of beauty and reverence to nature. As shown in this image, you can see how Turner used the peach blur to show movement of the train as well as giving the background a mix of beautiful and mixed colors. This piece of art was published in Britain in the year 1844.

The point of view of the artwork "Rain, Steam and Speed" is that the occasion looks to be an early morning most likely in London as that was the most populated city in England where all the industrializing occurs which demonstrate how the stem engine was being utilized in trains for faster and more effiecient way of transporting goods. The audience that it could be most directed towards where other nations that haven't undergone industrialization as Great Britain was known to be the first to do so, so there's a probability that the British were showing of their economical wealth as well as the technology that no other had. The subject of the artwork is the emphasis on how industrializing lead for Britain in becoming one of the major powerhouses during the 18th century as they had economic flourishment that could be shown by the train in the image. The train is popping-out in the artwork, which in a way resembles the superiority/ domainance of Britain over neighboring countries. 


The art depicts how British advancement was lead by technological innovations that was first started off by industries with the usage of machinery to fix raw goods into finished, manufactured products which also lead to urbanization (migration from rural to urban areas) in seek for job opportunities.